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Drone With Santa Hat Carrying Christmas Present Against Sky
Arne Viehmeister-Kerner / EyeEm—Getty Images/EyeEm

If a drone is on your holiday shopping list, be sure to check your insurance coverage before you crack open that instruction manual and take flight.

Damage from a drone is a bit more complicated than handing your kid a baseball and dealing with the wreckage an errant pitch might cause to a window.

There is no official tally of damage caused by drones, yet the roster of high-profile injuries includes musician Enrique Iglesias and Cleveland Indians pitcher Trevor Bauer. And there are internet lists galore, like a database of known U.S. incidents.

Even the pros can have problems.

A drone operated by Brett Woods, a pilot who co-founded the drone company Aerial Concept Unmanned Systems, was supposed to climb 400 feet, but instead flew into the 27th floor of a building. Luckily, the apartment it breeched was unoccupied, so the damage was chiefly to the drone and the window.

Business insurance covered the damage. But hobbyists and others who buy consumer-level drones cannot be so sure of what is covered if one of their flying devices goes rogue.

What's covered

For the person who owns the drone, the prevailing insurance coverage would be your homeowners policy or your renters' policy. But not everyone has those. Only about 40 percent of renters in the U.S. have coverage, according to the Insurance Information Institute (III), a nonprofit trade group.

The drone itself is covered as personal property, but it might not be worth a claim. The average deductible is $500, which is about what the popular the DJI Phantom 3 standard, with HD video camera, runs right now on

Coverage for damage caused by the drone depends on the circumstances of the accident, especially if negligence is involved, and whose property is damaged.

"We evaluate every claim on its own merit," said Justin Herndon, a spokesman for All State, one of the top insurers in the United States.

Damage to personal property caused by your own drone would fall under the basic coverage to your structure. However, homeowners insurance does not cover injuries to your own family or pets, according to Loretta Worters, a spokesperson for III. You would have to get coverage for injury through your medical insurance policy.

Coverage for bodily injury to somebody outside your family or for somebody else's property would fall under the liability portion of your homeowners policy. It could also protect you from lawsuits over privacy issues.

If a drone drops out of the sky and damages your car (which sounds fanciful, but is actually quite possible), the damage is covered by the comprehensive section of your auto policy, subject to the deductible.

Drones over 0.55 pounds are required to register with the Federal Aviation Agency. If the drone's owner can be identified, your auto insurance may file a claim under that person's home or renters policy, should they have one.

New policies

There are other ways to protect yourself, too. Some drone hobbyist clubs offer a group umbrella policy to members, for instance.

A new company, Verifly, provides on-demand policies for consumer drone enthusiasts and commercial users for about $10 an hour, currently approved in 45 states. The user simply geo-locates through an app. The policy covers a quarter-mile radius for up to $1 million of third-party liability and unintentional invasion of privacy.

If known hazards are nearby - like a nuclear power plant or a stadium - prices go up.

Verifly user David Baskwill signed up for coverage to film cross country races. "I thought to myself, it would be a good idea to have some protection," says Baskwill, a 57-year-old podiatrist from York, Pennsylvania.

"The negativity is very high - and it will be until we all have drones," Baskwill says.