"Ground Zero" (shown fifteen years later), with Santiago Calatrava's World Financial Center transporation hub, the September 11 Memorial and Museum and 1 WTC visible, September 8, 2016.
"Ground Zero" (shown fifteen years later), with Santiago Calatrava's World Financial Center transportation hub, the September 11 Memorial and Museum and 1 WTC visible, New York, September 8, 2016.Sarina Finkelstein for MONEY
"Ground Zero" (shown fifteen years later), with Santiago Calatrava's World Financial Center transporation hub, the September 11 Memorial and Museum and 1 WTC visible, September 8, 2016.
The names of victims of the September 11 terrorist attacks are engraved into the rim of one of the twin black granite reflecting pools at the September 11 Memorial and Museum, New York.
Santiago Calatrava's Oculus design inside of the World Trade Center transportation hub.
Shoppers walk through Westfield World Trade Center.
The Kate Spade store inside Oculus.
Westfield World Trade Center shopping mall opened for business August 16, 2016.
Second-floor Banana Republic store windows overlooking Liberty Street, Westfield World Trade shopping mall, New York.
A woman selects fresh produce inside Eataly, Westfield World Trade, New York.
The wine bar inside of Eataly, Westfield World Trade shopping mall.
Street level entrance to Fulton Center, New York.
A view of the interior of Fulton Center featuring Shake Shack, Irving Farm and Wasabi Sushi & Bento, New York.
The entrance to the subway at Fulton Center, New York.
Tourists on a New York City sightseeing bus take photos in front of the GAP store, 400 Fulton Street.
Liberty Park, an elevated park connected to Brookfield Place, overlooks the September 11 Memorial and Museum, New York.
The bustling corner of Liberty and West Streets, New York.
Freelancers work outdoors in Waterfront Plaza adjacent to Brookfield Place, New York.
Waterfront Plaza adjacent to Brookfield Place, New York.
High-end retail stores inside of Brookfield Place, New York.
Air Pressure,a kinetic sculptural installation made out of fabric birds, is shown in the Winter Garden of Brookfield Place, New York. It was created by the Toronto-based artist collective Studio F Minus.
Saks Fifth Avenue store inside of Brookfield Place opens in September 2016.
The view of 1 WTC and Santiago Calatrava's transportation hub from Brookfield Place, New York.
Blue Ribbon Sushi Bar inside of Hudson Eats food court, Brookfield Place, New York.
The entrance to Time Inc. inside of Brookfield Place, 225 Liberty Street.
Press coffee and smoothie bar inside of Time Inc.'s offices at 225 Liberty Street.
The stunning design of Time Inc.'s offices at 225 Liberty Street won CoreNet NYC's 2016 Project of the Year Award and feature a selection of mural-sized photographs from the Time-Life Picture Collection on the walls of each floor.
"Ground Zero" (shown fifteen years later), with Santiago Calatrava's World Financial Center transportation hub, the Sept

Sarina Finkelstein for MONEY
1 of 32

What a Reborn Lower Manhattan Looks Like, 15 Years Later

Sep 10, 2016

On the 15th anniversary of the the terrorist attacks of 9/11, Lower Manhattan is a new place. Initial plans for the Ground Zero neighborhood called for establishing a memorial to the fallen, rebuilding the city skyline, and returning the area to its former glory as a financial center. While only the first two came to pass (many major financial institutions did not return), today the neighborhood is reborn, a vibrant enclave bustling with vogueish shops, trendy restaurants and marketplaces, a brand new transportation hub, outdoor and elevated parks, music events, art installations, and waterfront bike paths.

Fifteen years ago, that would have been impossible to conceive. The Twin Towers—those two seemingly invulnerable 110-story pillars that once stood as the most recognizable features in the ubiquitous portrait of New York—were struck by two airplanes and collapsed upon themselves in a chaotic wreck of cement, dust, glass, and metal. Buried in their wake were 2,753 people: workers, commuters, passersby, tourists, and first responders who made up the majority of the 2,977 souls who lost their lives in the four coordinated terrorist attacks on that day in 2001. A city, a nation, a globe united in horror and grief. R escue, recovery, and clean-up of the area took more than six months, ending only when the final piece was removed on May 30, 2002.

The 15 years that followed saw New York City slowly progressing through the stages of grief—d enial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance. Families of victims who kept vigil for days and weeks near Ground Zero in the hopes their loved ones would be found alive in the rubble finally departed, and the city, shaken to its very foundations, was left to contemplate what would become of Lower Manhattan. The year after clean-up finished, New York held a global design competition to conceive of the memorial that would occupy the site where the towers once stood. The black granite twin reflecting pool design by Architect Michael Arad and landscape architect Peter Walker (emphasizing deep voids) and surrounding grove of trees (representing rebirth) won. In the end, after two years of construction, the National September 11 Memorial & Museum at the World Trade Center opened in the spring of 2005.

For the next decade, the city worked gradually to raise the neighborhood up again. In 2003, the Port Authority commissioned Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava to create a new transportation hub for the World Trade Center site. Though the project carried a hefty price tag, in March 2016, Calatrava's white marble winged bird finally rose from the site. Inside, the 160-foot body of the bird rises up to a glass and steel spine, which forms the daylit Oculus. As dark as the depths of the adjacent memorial are, the light in Oculus shines just as brightly.

Calatrava's bird is the perfect metaphor for this phoenix of a neighborhood. After a decade of bickering, design, and construction, One World Trade Center was finally completed in 2013. At an impressive 1,776 feet, it stands as the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere . The rebuilt Fulton Street subway station is filled with shops and restaurants; Brookfield Place (where MONEY has its office), the former World Financial Center, today is massive luxury shopping mall with a high-end food court and French grocery store. Westfield World Trade Center (connected to the Oculus), opened only this month, has stores ranging from Banana Republic to John Varvatos and the much-celebrated Italian grocery store Eataly.

Bike and walking paths now run along West Street and the waterfront. The elevated Liberty Park that overlooks 1 WTC and the memorial opened on June 29, 2016. Plans are under way for the construction of 2 WTC, a 1,340 foot skyscraper designed by architect Bjarke Ingels that is due to be completed in September 2021. Media companies like Time Inc. and Condé Nast—following tax incentives by the city—moved into the neighborhood. Daily, the area is filled once again with the rich and diverse mix of people that defines the city.

While the absence of the Twin Towers can still be felt in the deep scars of the black granite and the ghostlike twin beams of light that are projected upward each September 11, it is a tribute to the resilience of the city that it can not just heal but can thrive—as exemplified by the transformation of Lower Manhattan.

MONEY may receive compensation for some links to products and services on this website. Offers may be subject to change without notice.

Quotes delayed at least 15 minutes. Market data provided by Interactive Data. ETF and Mutual Fund data provided by Morningstar, Inc. Dow Jones Terms & Conditions: https://www.djindexes.com/mdsidx/html/tandc/indexestandcs.html. S&P Index data is the property of Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc. and its licensors. All rights reserved. Terms & Conditions. Powered and implemented by Interactive Data Managed Solutions