Health plans that offer coverage of doctors and hospitals outside the plan’s network are getting harder to find on the insurance marketplaces, according to two analyses published this week.
Two-thirds of the 131 carriers that offered silver-level preferred provider organization plans in 2015 will either drop them entirely or offer fewer of them in January, an analysis by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation found. Those cutbacks will affect customers in 37 states, according to the foundation.
Silver plans pay 70% of medical costs, on average, and consumers pay 30%. They are the most popular plan sold on the marketplaces.
Preferred provider organization plans, or PPOs, typically offer coverage for doctors and hospitals that aren’t in the plan’s network, but require consumers to pay a larger share of the cost. In contrast, health maintenance organizations, which make up roughly half of the plans offered on the exchanges, generally don’t cover any care provided outside the plan’s network. Other types of policies, such as point-of-service and exclusive provider organization plans, make up a relatively small proportion of plans sold on the marketplace.
Another analysis by Avalere Health of the 37 states that use the federal marketplace also documented a steady decline in PPO plans. In 2014, the year the exchanges began operation, 39% of plans on the federal marketplace were PPOs. In 2015, the figure dropped to 35%, and next year will decline again, to 27%.
Research has shown that low premiums are the number one priority for consumers when they’re shopping for plans on the marketplace.
Even so, “I think it’s really important for consumers to know what, if any, access they have to providers outside the network,” says Katherine Hempstead, who directs the Johnson foundation’s research on health insurance coverage.
Last year, many insurers shrunk the networks of providers in the plans that they sold on the marketplace. However, even if the networks were narrow, most people who shopped for marketplace plans had access to PPO plans with some level of out-of-network coverage if they wanted it. Only New York and New Jersey had no PPO plans available in 2015, according to the Johnson foundation.
Its state-by-state analysis only tracks what happened to existing PPO plans and doesn’t take into account new carriers that may offer new PPOs next year. Their numbers don’t appear to be significant, Hempstead says.
Next year, unless new insurance carriers pick up the slack, in at least a half-dozen states there may be no silver-level PPO plans available on the marketplace, according to the study.
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