After a week of declines, mortgage rates broke out of their downward spin with rates increasing across almost all loan types today. The average rate for a 30-year fixed-rate purchase loan increased to 3.391%. Average rates for refinance loans were mixed, with the rate for a 30-year refi increasing to 3.737%.
Even with today's increases rates are still near historic lows.
- The latest rate on a 30-year fixed-rate mortgage is 3.391%.
- The latest rate on a 15-year fixed-rate mortgage is 2.535%.
- The latest rate on a 5/1 jumbo ARM is 2.902%.
- The latest rate on a 7/1 conforming ARM is 4.36%.
- The latest rate on a 10/1 conforming ARM is 4.013%.
Current 30-year fixed mortgage rates
- The 30-year rate is 3.391%.
- That's a one-day increase of 0.041 percentage points.
- That's a one-month decrease of 0.281 percentage points.
A 30-year fixed-rate mortgage will have a steady interest rate through the life of the loan. The monthly payments won't change either. The loan will be paid off in 360 months unless refinance the mortgage or sell the home. You can pay the debt down quicker with extra payments.
The interest rate on a 30-year loan will generally be higher than the rate on a 15-year loan, but the monthly payments will be lower. That's because the balance is being divided over more months. Despite the lower monthly payment, you'll end up paying more in total interest with a 30-year mortgage because you'll be paying a higher interest rate over a longer time.
Most home loan borrowers opt for a 30-year mortgage to take advantage of the lower monthly payments.
15-year fixed mortgage rates today
- The 15-year rate is 2.535%.
- That's a one-day increase of 0.023 percentage points.
- That's a one-month decrease of 0.162 percentage points.
The interest rate on a 15-year fixed-rate mortgage will remain constant over the full term of the loan. The monthly payments won't change either. If you don't refinance or sell, the loan will be paid off in 180 months if you make just the required monthly payments. You can also pay extra each month or make lump sum payments applied to the principal to pay off the loan faster.
Compared to a 30-year loan, a 15-year mortgage will have a lower interest rate but a higher monthly payment because the loan is being paid off in half the time. You'll pay less in total interest with a 15-year loan because you'll be paying a lower rate for a shorter time.
A 15-year loan could be an attractive option for borrowers who want to save on interest and can afford the higher payments.
5/1 jumbo adjustable-rate mortgage rates today
- The 5/1 ARM rate is 2.902%.
- That's a one-day increase of 0.018 percentage points.
- That's a one-month decrease of 0.091 percentage points.
An adjustable-rate mortgage will actually have a fixed interest rate for the first few years. Once the fixed-rate period ends, the rate will adjust annually. As a result, the monthly payments will be fixed at first, then change along with changes in the rates.
If you opt for a 5/1 ARM, the interest rate and monthly payments will be fixed for the first five years, then reset once a year until paid in full after 30-year. Other common ARM terms include a 7/1 and a 10/1.
A 5/1 ARM can have one of the lowest interest rates on market, making it an attractive option for borrowers who don't plan on staying in the home long-term. If they do decide to stay beyond five years, however, know that the interest rate could increase.
Today's VA, FHA and jumbo loan rates
The average rates for FHA, VA and jumbo loans are:
- The rate on a 30-year FHA mortgage is 3.106%.
- The rate on a 30-year VA mortgage is 3.189%.
- The rate on a 30-year jumbo mortgage is 3.589%.
Today's mortgage refinance rates
The average rates for 30-year loans, 15- year loans and 5/1 jumbo ARMs are:
- The refinance rate on a 30-year fixed-rate refinance is 3.737%.
- The refinance rate on a 15-year fixed-rate refinance is 2.741%.
- The refinance rate on a 5/1 jumbo ARM is 3.067%.
- The refinance rate on a 7/1 conforming ARM is 4.476%.
- The refinance rate on a 10/1 conforming ARM is 4.597%.
Where are mortgage rates heading this year?
Mortgage rates sunk through 2020. Millions of homeowners responded to low mortgage rates by refinancing existing loans and taking out new ones. Many people bought homes they may not have been able to afford if rates were higher.
In January 2021, rates briefly dropped to the lowest levels on record, but trended higher through the month and into February.
Looking ahead, experts believe interest rates will rise more in 2021, but modestly. Factors that could influence rates include how quickly the COVID-19 vaccines are distributed and when lawmakers can agree on another economic relief package. More vaccinations and stimulus from the government could lead to improved economic conditions, which would boost rates.
While mortgage rates are likely to rise this year, experts say the increase won’t happen overnight and it won’t be a dramatic jump. Rates should stay near historically low levels through the first half of the year, rising slightly later in the year. Even with rising rates, it will still be a favorable time to finance a new home or refinance.
Factors that influence mortgage rates include:
- The Federal Reserve. The Fed took swift action when the pandemic hit the United States in March of 2020. The Fed announced plans to keep money moving through the economy by dropping the short-term Federal Fund interest rate to between 0% and 0.25%, which is as low as they go. The central bank also pledged to buy mortgage-backed securities and treasuries, propping up the housing finance market. The Fed has reaffirmed its commitment to these policies for the foreseeable future multiple times, most recently at a late January policy meeting.
- The 10-year Treasury note. Mortgage rates move in lockstep with the yields on the government’s 10-year Treasury note. Yields dropped below 1% for the first time in March 2020 and have been slowly rising since then. Currently, yields have been hovering above 1% since the beginning of the year, pushing interest rates slightly higher. On average, there is typically a 1.8 point “spread” between Treasury yields and benchmark mortgage rates.
- The broader economy. Unemployment rates and change in gross domestic product are important indicators of the overall health of the economy. When employment and GDP growth are low, it means the economy is weak, which can push interest rates down. Thanks to the pandemic, unemployment levels reached all-time highs early last year and have not yet recovered. GDP also took a hit, and while it has bounced back somewhat, there is still a lot of room for improvement.
Tips for getting the lowest mortgage rate possible
There is no universal mortgage rate that all borrowers receive. Qualifying for the lowest mortgage rates takes a little bit of work and will depend on both personal financial factors and market conditions.
Check your credit score and credit report. Errors or other red flags that may be dragging your credit score down. Borrowers with the highest credit scores are the ones who will get the best rates, so checking your credit report before you start the house-hunting process is key. Taking steps to fix errors will help you raise your score. If you have high credit card balances, paying them down can also provide a quick boost.
Save up money for a sizeable down payment. This will lower your loan-to-value ratio, which means how much of the home’s price the lender has to finance. A lower LTV usually translates to a lower mortgage rate. Lenders also like to see money that has been saved in an account for at least 60 days. It tells the lender you have the money to finance the home purchase.
Shop around for the best rate. Don’t settle for the first interest rate that a lender offers you. Check with at least three different lenders to see who offers the lowest interest. Also consider different types of lenders, such as credit unions and online lenders in addition to traditional banks.
Also take time to find out about different loan types. While the 30-year fixed-rate mortgage is the most common type of mortgage, consider a shorter-term loan like a 15-year loan or an adjustable-rate mortgage. These types of loans often come with a lower rate than a conventional 30-year mortgage. Compare the costs of all to see which one best fits your needs and financial situation. Government loans — such as those backed by the Federal Housing Authority, the Department of Veterans Affairs and the Department of Agriculture — can be more affordable options for those who qualify.
Finally, lock in your rate. Locking your rate once you’ve found the right rate, loan product and lender will help guarantee your mortgage rate won’t increase before you close on the loan.
Our mortgage rate methodology
Money’s daily mortgage rates show the average rate offered by over 8,000 lenders across the United States the most recent business day rates are available for. Today, we are showing rates for Monday, April 20. Our rates reflect what a typical borrower with a 700 credit score might expect to pay for a home loan right now. These rates were offered to people putting 20% down and include discount points.
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