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Published: Mar 29, 2022 5 min read
Collage of a sequence of an airplane taking off with a close-up of a hundred dollar bill in the background
Vanessa Garcia / Money; Shutterstock

If you’re planning a summer getaway, it’s a good idea to book your flights sooner rather than later. Airfares are soaring, and they’re poised to climb even higher this summer.

Domestic airfares are up 40% compared to the beginning of the year, according to new data from travel search site Hopper. Right now, the average round-trip price within the U.S. is $330 — up 7% compared to prices in 2019 and the highest since Hopper began tracking this data. The average international fare is $810 for a round trip, up 25% from the start of the year.

While airline ticket prices generally rise in the warmer months, the spike in the first quarter of 2022 has been significantly more pronounced this year. In 2018, domestic prices rose 10% in the first quarter. In 2019, they rose 7% — compared to a 40% rise in this year.

The trajectory of flight prices during the pandemic has been more complicated than essential goods like groceries and gasoline because of the rapid cratering of demand for travel (and subsequent price cuts) in 2020. Recent data from the U.S. Bureau of Statistics shows that airline fares in February of this year were 12.7% higher than the same month in 2021. That rate of increase is much higher than general inflation, which stands at about 8% year over year.

Some of 2022's airfare increases are due to higher jet fuel costs, which Hopper says accounts for about 30% of airlines’ operating costs. The price of crude oil has risen significantly in the aftermath of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in late February, since Russia is a major global producer of crude oil and sanctions imposed by the U.S. and others are severely limiting its exports.

The cost of jet fuel — which is based partly on wholesale crude oil prices — is up about 40% since the start of the year. Hopper expects that spike to translate to an 8% to 12% bump in airline prices that may already be partially reflected in airfares.

An uptick in travel demand, spurred by the loosening of coronavirus-related travel restrictions across the globe, has also put pressure on prices, though Hopper suggests that the price-bump caused by increased demand has “already played out.”

Data from the Transportation Security Administration shows that 2.1 million people passed through airport security checkpoints on Monday, compared with 1.4 million on the same day in 2021, 154,000 on the same day in 2020 and 2.4 million on the same day in 2019.

When to buy airline tickets and get the best deals

Moving forward, Hopper believes that other factors like "regular seasonal changes in demand, jet fuel prices, capacity, and carrier competition” to drive price changes. Since it generally takes a few months for changes in the price of jet fuel to be passed on to consumers, there could very well be more fare hikes to come if the price of crude oil remains elevated.

On the other hand, Hopper notes that another new variant of the coronavirus would likely push down demand and, by extension, flight prices.

Hopper expects domestic fares to rise another 10% to an average of about $360 for a round trip in May and June before falling to $304 by September.

So if you’re planning a trip in the next few months, don’t wait to make your reservations. “There are still deals to be found,” Steve Hafner, CEO of the travel site KAYAK, said in a recent blog post, “but people should plan their trips soon to get them.”

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