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Published: Jan 12, 2023 4 min read

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Photo Collage of a Bear walking towards an Exit Sign, with negative red stock charts in the background.
Vanessa Garcia / Money; Getty Images

New year, new bull market... hopefully.

The S&P 500 — an index of stocks often used as the benchmark to measure how U.S. stocks are doing overall — kicked off 2022 near an all-time high before tumbling and ending the year down 19.4%. You likely heard the term "bear market" recently, as the S&P 500 officially fell into one in June.

Now, it's 2023, and the stock market is still struggling. But what exactly needs to happen for the bear market to end?