The average interest rate on a 30-year fixed-rate mortgage jumped up 0.058 percentage points Thursday, settling in at 3.381%. Rates for all other types of loans also saw increases.
After a month of steady declines, rates appear to be back on their way up. Whether this is the much-predicted increase in rates experts have been expecting or another temporary blip remains to be seen. Either way, rates remain at historically low levels and present a great opportunity for borrowers looking to purchase a home or refinance a mortgage to lock in a good rate.
- The latest rate on a 30-year fixed-rate mortgage is 3.381%.
- The latest rate on a 15-year fixed-rate mortgage is 2.5%.
- The latest rate on a 5/1 jumbo ARM is 3.799%.
- The latest rate on a 7/1 conforming ARM is 4.11%.
- The latest rate on a 10/1 conforming ARM is 3.964%.
30-year fixed mortgage rates today
- The 30-year rate is 3.381%.
- That's a one-day increase of 0.058 percentage points.
- That's a one-month decrease of 0.010 percentage points.
A 30-year fixed-rate loan is the most popular home loan on the market. Both the interest rate and the monthly payments will remain unchanged for as long as you have the loan. It will be paid off in full after 360 months unless you refinance or sell the home. You can also make extra payments to pay the loan off faster.
The interest rate on a 30-year mortgage will be higher than the rate on a short-term loan like a 15-year, for example. However, because you'll be paying the loan off for a longer time, the monthly payments will be lower. You'll also pay more in total interest with a 30-year because you'll be paying a higher interest rate for a longer time.
15-year fixed mortgage rates today
- The 15-year rate is 2.5%.
- That's a one-day increase of 0.047 percentage points.
- That's a one-month decrease of 0.042 percentage points.
A 15-year fixed-rate mortgage is another common home loan. The interest rate and monthly payments won't change for as long as you keep the loan. It'll be paid off in 180 months unless you pay extra, refinance or sell.
The interest rate on a 15-year loan will be lower than the rate on a 30-year loan. On the other hand, the monthly payments will be higher since you're paying it off in less time. If you can afford the higher payments, a 15-year loan could be a good option because you'll pay less in overall interest compared to a longer-term loan like a 30-year, since you'll be paying a lower rate for half the time.
5/1 jumbo adjustable-rate mortgage rates today
- The 5/1 ARM rate is 3.774%.
- That's a one-day increase of 0.025 percentage points.
- That's a one-month increase of 0.887 percentage points.
You could also choose an adjustable-rate loan. This type of mortgage has a fixed interest rate and monthly payments for a specific number of years. Once the fixed-rate period ends, the rate can change, usually once a year, in reaction to market conditions. If the rate changes, the monthly payments will change as well.
A 5/1 adjustable-rate loan, for example, will have a fixed rate for the first five years of the loan, then the rate will become variable and will reset every year after. You'll pay the loan off in 360 months unless you pay extra, refinance or sell the home. Other common adjustable-rate loans include a 7/1 and a 10/1.
If you don't plan on keeping the home long-term, a 5/1 ARM could be a good option since it has one of the lowest initial interest rates on the market. Just remember that if you do stay in the home longer than five years, the interest rate and monthly payments could increase.
Current VA, FHA and jumbo loan rates
The average rates for FHA, VA and jumbo loans are:
- The rate on a 30-year FHA mortgage is 3.167%.
- The rate on a 30-year VA mortgage is 3.223%.
- The rate on a 30-year jumbo mortgage is 3.681%.
Current mortgage refinance rates
The average rates for 30-year loans, 15- year loans and 5/1 jumbo ARMs are:
- The refinance rate on a 30-year fixed-rate refinance is 3.78%.
- The refinance rate on a 15-year fixed-rate refinance is 2.686%.
- The refinance rate on a 5/1 jumbo ARM is 4.02%.
- The refinance rate on a 7/1 conforming ARM is 4.362%.
- The refinance rate on a 10/1 conforming ARM is 4.652%.
Where are mortgage rates heading this year?
Mortgage rates sunk through 2020. Millions of homeowners responded to low mortgage rates by refinancing existing loans and taking out new ones. Many people bought homes they may not have been able to afford if rates were higher.
In January 2021, rates briefly dropped to the lowest levels on record, but trended higher through the month and into February.
Looking ahead, experts believe interest rates will rise more in 2021, but modestly. Factors that could influence rates include how quickly the COVID-19 vaccines are distributed and when lawmakers can agree on another economic relief package. More vaccinations and stimulus from the government could lead to improved economic conditions, which would boost rates.
While mortgage rates are likely to rise this year, experts say the increase won’t happen overnight and it won’t be a dramatic jump. Rates should stay near historically low levels through the first half of the year, rising slightly later in the year. Even with rising rates, it will still be a favorable time to finance a new home or refinance.
Factors that influence mortgage rates include:
- The Federal Reserve. The Fed took swift action when the pandemic hit the United States in March of 2020. The Fed announced plans to keep money moving through the economy by dropping the short-term Federal Fund interest rate to between 0% and 0.25%, which is as low as they go. The central bank also pledged to buy mortgage-backed securities and treasuries, propping up the housing finance market. The Fed has reaffirmed its commitment to these policies for the foreseeable future multiple times, most recently at a late January policy meeting.
- The 10-year Treasury note. Mortgage rates move in lockstep with the yields on the government’s 10-year Treasury note. Yields dropped below 1% for the first time in March 2020 and have been slowly rising since then. Currently, yields have been hovering above 1% since the beginning of the year, pushing interest rates slightly higher. On average, there is typically a 1.8 point “spread” between Treasury yields and benchmark mortgage rates.
- The broader economy. Unemployment rates and change in gross domestic product are important indicators of the overall health of the economy. When employment and GDP growth are low, it means the economy is weak, which can push interest rates down. Thanks to the pandemic, unemployment levels reached all-time highs early last year and have not yet recovered. GDP also took a hit, and while it has bounced back somewhat, there is still a lot of room for improvement.
Tips for getting the lowest mortgage rate possible
There is no universal mortgage rate that all borrowers receive. Qualifying for the lowest mortgage rates takes a little bit of work and will depend on both personal financial factors and market conditions.
Check your credit score and credit report. Errors or other red flags that may be dragging your credit score down. Borrowers with the highest credit scores are the ones who will get the best rates, so checking your credit report before you start the house-hunting process is key. Taking steps to fix errors will help you raise your score. If you have high credit card balances, paying them down can also provide a quick boost.
Save up money for a sizeable down payment. This will lower your loan-to-value ratio, which means how much of the home’s price the lender has to finance. A lower LTV usually translates to a lower mortgage rate. Lenders also like to see money that has been saved in an account for at least 60 days. It tells the lender you have the money to finance the home purchase.
Shop around for the best rate. Don’t settle for the first interest rate that a lender offers you. Check with at least three different lenders to see who offers the lowest interest. Also consider different types of lenders, such as credit unions and online lenders in addition to traditional banks.
Also take time to find out about different loan types. While the 30-year fixed-rate mortgage is the most common type of mortgage, consider a shorter-term loan like a 15-year loan or an adjustable-rate mortgage. These types of loans often come with a lower rate than a conventional 30-year mortgage. Compare the costs of all to see which one best fits your needs and financial situation. Government loans — such as those backed by the Federal Housing Authority, the Department of Veterans Affairs and the Department of Agriculture — can be more affordable options for those who qualify.
Finally, lock in your rate. Locking your rate once you’ve found the right rate, loan product and lender will help guarantee your mortgage rate won’t increase before you close on the loan.
Our mortgage rate methodology
Money’s daily mortgage rates show the average rate offered by over 8,000 lenders across the United States the most recent business day rates are available for. Today, we are showing rates for Wednesday, May 12, 2021. Our rates reflect what a typical borrower with a 700 credit score might expect to pay for a home loan right now. These rates were offered to people putting 20% down and include discount points.
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